Difference between revisions of "Pelagios"

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* http://commons.pelagios.org/
 
* http://commons.pelagios.org/
  
==Project team==
+
==Investigative team==
  
* [http://www.open.ac.uk/people/eteb2 Elton Barker], Classical Studies, The Open University
+
* Project Director: [http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/history/about-us/people/leif-isaksen Leif Isaksen], History, Lancaster University
* [http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/history/about-us/people/leif-isaksen Leif Isaksen], History, Lancaster University
+
* Community Director: [http://www.open.ac.uk/people/eteb2 Elton Barker], Classical Studies, The Open University
* [http://rsimon.github.io/ Rainer Simon], The Austrian Institute of Technology
+
* Technical Director: [http://rsimon.github.io/ Rainer Simon], The Austrian Institute of Technology
* [http://www.southampton.ac.uk/archaeology/about/staff/pdsc1d13.page Pau de Soto], Archaeology, University of Southampton
+
* Education Director: [https://wiki.digitalclassicist.org/User:ValeriaVitale Valeria Vitale], The Institute of Classical Studies, London
 +
* Collections Director: [https://www.hiig.de/en/staff/rebecca-kahn/ Rebecca Kahn], Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society, Berlin
  
 
==Description==
 
==Description==
===Title===
 
Pelagios: Linking together the places of our past through the documents that refer to them
 
  
===Background===
+
===About===
Being able to link—to go from one document to another—is one of the great facilitating features of the World Wide Web. It is how you are able to find out more about or get a different perspective on something that interests you at the click of a mouse. But how are these linkages enabled? Since 2011 [http://pelagios-project.blogspot.co.uk Pelagios] has been developing the means of linking independently created and curated online resources together via their common references to place. Introducing some Linked Open Data goodness into online resources, Pelagios is developing the infrastructure through which online material about the ancient world can be brought together. By developing a common schema and providing [https://github.com/pelagios/pelagios-cookbook/wiki/Joining-Pelagios community guidelines] for referring to place data, whether archaeological, literary or visual, Pelagios makes it easy for people or groups (whether academic or not) to join the network, thereby rendering their own resources more discoverable and, therefore, more valuable. In turn, the Pelagios network empowers both professionals (e.g. teachers, curators, librarians) and the general enthusiast to discover the cities of antiquity and explore the rich interconnections between them, breaking down barriers between disciplines and releases data from otherwise closed silos of information.
+
  
The research output by Pelagios is having a significant impact in the development of ancient world web-infrastructure for academic and non-academic data providers alike. The open data service technology it has championed is now the de facto international standard for open linked geospatial data concerning the ancient world, and is being used by other Web and linked data projects (e.g. [http://snapdrgn.net/ Standards for Networking Ancient Prosopographies]; [http://perio.do PeriodO: a gazetteer for period assertions]). Impact is measured not just by the growing number of partners whom Pelagios has attracted but also by the process that each group undertakes to become a partner: by aligning their data to the Pelagios network, each partner changes the way they hold their data. This means that Pelagios’s research is transforming both the nature of these data and the way in which these organisations work or even conceptualise their activity. The spectrum of organisations extends beyond the academic research community to include: museums (the British Museum, [http://www.reading.ac.uk/Ure/index.php the Ure museum]), a national database ([http://www.arachne.uni-koeln.de/drupal/ Arachne]), a national library (the British Library), a specialist learned society ([http://nomisma.org nomisma]), a digital open access library (Perseus), an aggregator service ([http://explore.clarosnet.org/XDB/ASP/clarosHome/ CLAROS]), a government agency ([http://finds.org.uk Portable Antiquities Scheme]), a collaborative global online knowledge base (Wikidata), and an equally diverse array of voluntary partners and interest groups (e.g. [http://www.ancient.eu the Ancient History Encyclopedia] or http://vici.org/).
+
'''Pelagios Commons''' provides online resources and a community forum for using open data methods to link and explore historical places.
  
In the latest phase of the project, we are extending the reach of our network beyond the ancient world to encompass different mapping traditions, including early Christian Mappae Mundi and pilgrimages, Portolan charts, and Islamic and Chinese maps. Since this is largely unchartered territory, we have developed a web-based platform, [http://pelagios.org/recogito/static/documentation/index.html Recogito], by means of which users of these documents—both ancient / mediaeval texts and old maps—can annotate them in order to: (i) identify place names in them; and (ii) match those places to a central gazetteer entry. This process makes it possible to see those places in a web map and conduct all kinds of interesting analysis on them, while at the same time bringing those documents into the Pelagios network. Hand-in-hand with developing this user-friendly annotation interface, we are experimenting with crowd sourcing editing among students and the general public. With funding from the [http://dm2e.eu/open-humanities-awards-sea-change-update-1/ Open Knowledge Foundation], we are trialling different aspects of collaborative geo-annotation, to ascertain their consequences in terms of data quality, resources required and participant motivation. Most importantly, however, this is an exciting means of engaging with a wider audience and, ultimately, building a community of citizen geographers.
+
====What is Pelagios Commons?====
  
Developing an agile and responsive infrastructure, the Pelagios network links data from international archives and museums to transform the cultural capital of the ancient world online, the way that information about the ancient world is found and can be used, and how the past is conceived. By these means, Pelagios is creating a World Wide Web of antiquity, whereby scholars, students, cultural heritage providers or general enthusiasts can not only make their resources more discoverable and usable, but also enable others to find out about the cities of antiquity and explore the rich interconnections between them.
+
Pelagios Commons is a (i) community and (ii) infrastructure for providing Linked Data in the Classical World and the Humanities more broadly. Essentially Linked Data is a way of connecting online resources that have something in common. While this occurs to some extent with standard HTML hyperlinks, they provide only unilateral links between specific documents. The technologies behind LOD allow us to introduce meta-links that create multi-lateral connections between clusters of content related to a specific concept. Pelagios focuses on geographic concepts, and brings together historical materials associated with particular places.
  
* Pelagios phases 1 and 2 was funded by JISC in successive programmes: Geospatial and Community Outreach and Resource Discovery (2011-2012)
+
====(ii) Infrastructure====
* Pelagios phase 3: "Early Geospatial Documents" was funded by The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation (2013-2015)
+
* Pelagios phase 4: "Studying the places of our past through the documents that refer to them" was funded by the AHRC (2014-2015)
+
* Pelagios phase 5: "Sea Change" was supported with funding from Open Knowledge Foundation (2014-2015)
+
  
===Publications===
+
In order to help the community create links and make use of them, Pelagios Commons is developing open resources for both the production and consumption of LO(geo)D.
* Simon, R., Barker, E. and Isaksen, L. (2012a): Exploring Pelagios: a visual browser for geo-tagged datasets. In: Agirre et al. (eds.), International Workshop on Supporting Users' Exploration of Digital Libraries. Cyprus, 29-34
+
 
* Simon, R., Barker, E. and Isaksen, L. (2012b): Exploring Pelagios: a visual browser for geo-tagged datasets. In: International Workshop on Supporting User's Exploration of Digital Libraries, Paphos, 29-34.
+
* [[Recogito]] (http://pelagios.org/recogito) is a Web-based tool that makes it easy to identify and record the places referred to in historical texts, maps and tables. Recogito has features dedicated to both stages of the annotation workflow:
 +
** a geotagging area, for identifying place names in digital texts, tabular documents or high-resolution maps;
 +
** a georesolving area, for mapping those place names to a global gazetteer, supported by an automated suggestion system.
 +
Recogito also provides basic features for cataloguing and managing documents and their metadata, as well as viewing annotations, usage statistics and bulk-downloading annotation data.
 +
 
 +
* [[Peripleo]] (http://peripleo.pelagios.org/) is a map-based search engine for exploring data annotated by the Pelagios community. Its user interface allows for free browsing as well as keyword and full-text search, while offering filtering options based on time, data source and object type. Data ranges from antiquity until 1500 AD and from Europe to East Asia (there is currently no content from sub-Saharan Africa or the Americas). It includes archaeological, textual and image-based content. Data remains hosted at source and is detected based on annotations produced by content curators or third parties. It is continually growing – for up-to-date information see our [http://pelagios.org/peripleo/pages/datasets live list].
 +
 
 +
Pelagios map tiles depict notable place names (settlements, regions and physical features) against a high resolution topography for a range of historical periods. They are released under open license for use in other applications and services, providing a contextual backdrop for historical data.
 +
 
 +
===History===
 +
 
 +
Established in 2011, [http://pelagios-project.blogspot.co.uk Pelagios] has been developing the means of linking independently created and curated online resources together via their common references to place. In its first two phases, Pelagios worked with major partners specialising in different areas of the classical world—e.g. the Perseus Classical Library, the German Archaeological Database, Nomisma.org, the Pleiades gazetteer—to develop a simple but effective means of linking between their varying resources. In phase 3, we extended our work to encompass "Early Geospatial Documents" more broadly, including early Christian Mappae Mundi and pilgrimages, Portolan charts, and Islamic and Chinese maps. This centred on developing a user-friendly platform (Recogito) for annotating documents (both texts and maps), and trialling a map interface (Peripleo) for searching through the network. Pelagios 4 worked with scholars from these different traditions to test the extent to which digital tools could facilitate geospatial analysis, and encourage reflection on the process of annotation itself. Pelagios 5 ("Sea Change") trialled crowdsourcing annotation in university undergraduate classes.
 +
 
 +
The research output by Pelagios is having a significant impact in the development of ancient world web-infrastructure for academic and non-academic data providers alike. The open data service technology it has championed is now the de facto international standard for open linked geospatial data concerning the ancient world, and is being used by other Web and linked data projects (e.g. [http://snapdrgn.net/ Standards for Networking Ancient Prosopographies]; [http://perio.do PeriodO: a gazetteer for period assertions]). Impact is measured not just by the growing number of partners whom Pelagios has attracted but also by the process that each group undertakes to become a partner: by aligning their data to the Pelagios network, each partner changes the way they hold their data. This means that Pelagios’s research is transforming both the nature of these data and the way in which these organisations work or even conceptualise their activity.
 +
 
 +
==Publications==
 +
 
 +
* Simon, R., Barker, E. and Isaksen, L. (2012): Exploring Pelagios: a visual browser for geo-tagged datasets. In: Agirre et al. (eds.), International Workshop on Supporting Users' Exploration of Digital Libraries. Cyprus, 29-34
 
* Isaksen, L., Simon, R., Barker, E., and de Soto Cañamares (2014): [http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=2615569.2615693 Pelagios and the emerging graph of ancient world data]. Web Sci’14: Proceedings of the 2014 ACM conference on Web science, 197-201.
 
* Isaksen, L., Simon, R., Barker, E., and de Soto Cañamares (2014): [http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=2615569.2615693 Pelagios and the emerging graph of ancient world data]. Web Sci’14: Proceedings of the 2014 ACM conference on Web science, 197-201.
 
* Simon, R., Pilgerstorfer, P., Isaksen, L. and Barker, E. (2014): [https://www.academia.edu/9249972/Towards_semi-automatic_annotation_of_toponyms_on_old_maps Towards semi-automatic annotation of toponyms on old maps]. e-Perimetron, 9.3, 105-112 (www.e-perimetron.org).
 
* Simon, R., Pilgerstorfer, P., Isaksen, L. and Barker, E. (2014): [https://www.academia.edu/9249972/Towards_semi-automatic_annotation_of_toponyms_on_old_maps Towards semi-automatic annotation of toponyms on old maps]. e-Perimetron, 9.3, 105-112 (www.e-perimetron.org).
Line 38: Line 50:
 
* Simon, R., Isaksen, L., Barker, E., and de Soto Cañamares, P. (In Press). The Pleiades gazetteer and the Pelagios project. In M. L. Berman, R. Mostern H. Southall, eds. Placing Names: Enriching and Integrating Gazetteers, Indiana.
 
* Simon, R., Isaksen, L., Barker, E., and de Soto Cañamares, P. (In Press). The Pleiades gazetteer and the Pelagios project. In M. L. Berman, R. Mostern H. Southall, eds. Placing Names: Enriching and Integrating Gazetteers, Indiana.
  
===The Partners===
+
==Acknowledgements==
 
+
Arachne, the British Museum, the British Library, CLAROS, Fasti Online, GAP, Inscriptions of Israel/Palestine, nomisma.org, Open Context, Oracc, Papyri.info, Perseus Digital Library, Pleiades, Ports Antiques, PtolemyMachine, Regnum Francorum Online, SPQR, Ure Museum
+
 
+
  
 +
* Pelagios phases 1 and 2 was funded by JISC in successive programmes: Geospatial and Community Outreach and Resource Discovery (2011-2012)
 +
* Pelagios phase 3: "Early Geospatial Documents" was funded by The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation (2013-2015)
 +
* Pelagios phase 4: "Studying the places of our past through the documents that refer to them" was funded by the AHRC (2014-2015)
 +
* Pelagios phase 5: "Sea Change" was supported with funding from Open Knowledge Foundation (2014-2015)
 +
* Pelagios phase 6: "Pelagios Commons" supported with funding from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation (2016-2017)
 +
* Pelagios phase 7: "Pelagios Association" currently supported supported with funding from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation  (2018-2019)
  
 
[[category:Projects]]
 
[[category:Projects]]
Line 54: Line 69:
 
[[category:Openaccess]]
 
[[category:Openaccess]]
 
[[category:Opensource]]
 
[[category:Opensource]]
 +
[[category:Tools]]

Latest revision as of 11:05, 7 May 2019

Contents

[edit] Available

[edit] Investigative team

  • Project Director: Leif Isaksen, History, Lancaster University
  • Community Director: Elton Barker, Classical Studies, The Open University
  • Technical Director: Rainer Simon, The Austrian Institute of Technology
  • Education Director: Valeria Vitale, The Institute of Classical Studies, London
  • Collections Director: Rebecca Kahn, Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society, Berlin

[edit] Description

[edit] About

Pelagios Commons provides online resources and a community forum for using open data methods to link and explore historical places.

[edit] What is Pelagios Commons?

Pelagios Commons is a (i) community and (ii) infrastructure for providing Linked Data in the Classical World and the Humanities more broadly. Essentially Linked Data is a way of connecting online resources that have something in common. While this occurs to some extent with standard HTML hyperlinks, they provide only unilateral links between specific documents. The technologies behind LOD allow us to introduce meta-links that create multi-lateral connections between clusters of content related to a specific concept. Pelagios focuses on geographic concepts, and brings together historical materials associated with particular places.

[edit] (ii) Infrastructure

In order to help the community create links and make use of them, Pelagios Commons is developing open resources for both the production and consumption of LO(geo)D.

  • Recogito (http://pelagios.org/recogito) is a Web-based tool that makes it easy to identify and record the places referred to in historical texts, maps and tables. Recogito has features dedicated to both stages of the annotation workflow:
    • a geotagging area, for identifying place names in digital texts, tabular documents or high-resolution maps;
    • a georesolving area, for mapping those place names to a global gazetteer, supported by an automated suggestion system.

Recogito also provides basic features for cataloguing and managing documents and their metadata, as well as viewing annotations, usage statistics and bulk-downloading annotation data.

  • Peripleo (http://peripleo.pelagios.org/) is a map-based search engine for exploring data annotated by the Pelagios community. Its user interface allows for free browsing as well as keyword and full-text search, while offering filtering options based on time, data source and object type. Data ranges from antiquity until 1500 AD and from Europe to East Asia (there is currently no content from sub-Saharan Africa or the Americas). It includes archaeological, textual and image-based content. Data remains hosted at source and is detected based on annotations produced by content curators or third parties. It is continually growing – for up-to-date information see our live list.

Pelagios map tiles depict notable place names (settlements, regions and physical features) against a high resolution topography for a range of historical periods. They are released under open license for use in other applications and services, providing a contextual backdrop for historical data.

[edit] History

Established in 2011, Pelagios has been developing the means of linking independently created and curated online resources together via their common references to place. In its first two phases, Pelagios worked with major partners specialising in different areas of the classical world—e.g. the Perseus Classical Library, the German Archaeological Database, Nomisma.org, the Pleiades gazetteer—to develop a simple but effective means of linking between their varying resources. In phase 3, we extended our work to encompass "Early Geospatial Documents" more broadly, including early Christian Mappae Mundi and pilgrimages, Portolan charts, and Islamic and Chinese maps. This centred on developing a user-friendly platform (Recogito) for annotating documents (both texts and maps), and trialling a map interface (Peripleo) for searching through the network. Pelagios 4 worked with scholars from these different traditions to test the extent to which digital tools could facilitate geospatial analysis, and encourage reflection on the process of annotation itself. Pelagios 5 ("Sea Change") trialled crowdsourcing annotation in university undergraduate classes.

The research output by Pelagios is having a significant impact in the development of ancient world web-infrastructure for academic and non-academic data providers alike. The open data service technology it has championed is now the de facto international standard for open linked geospatial data concerning the ancient world, and is being used by other Web and linked data projects (e.g. Standards for Networking Ancient Prosopographies; PeriodO: a gazetteer for period assertions). Impact is measured not just by the growing number of partners whom Pelagios has attracted but also by the process that each group undertakes to become a partner: by aligning their data to the Pelagios network, each partner changes the way they hold their data. This means that Pelagios’s research is transforming both the nature of these data and the way in which these organisations work or even conceptualise their activity.

[edit] Publications

  • Simon, R., Barker, E. and Isaksen, L. (2012): Exploring Pelagios: a visual browser for geo-tagged datasets. In: Agirre et al. (eds.), International Workshop on Supporting Users' Exploration of Digital Libraries. Cyprus, 29-34
  • Isaksen, L., Simon, R., Barker, E., and de Soto Cañamares (2014): Pelagios and the emerging graph of ancient world data. Web Sci’14: Proceedings of the 2014 ACM conference on Web science, 197-201.
  • Simon, R., Pilgerstorfer, P., Isaksen, L. and Barker, E. (2014): Towards semi-automatic annotation of toponyms on old maps. e-Perimetron, 9.3, 105-112 (www.e-perimetron.org).
  • Simon, R., Barker, E., de Soto Cañamares, P. and Isaksen, L. (2014a): ‘Pelagios’. ISAW Papers 7.27. http://dlib.nyu.edu/awdl/isaw/isaw-papers/7/simon-barker-desoto-isaksen/
  • Simon, R., Barker, E., de Soto Cañamares, P. and Isaksen, L. (2014b): Pelagios 3: Towards the semi-automatic annotation of toponyms in Early Geospatial Documents. In Proceedings of Digital Humanities 2014. Lausanne, Switzerland, July 8-12, 2014.
  • Simon, R., Barker, E., Isaksen, L. and de Soto Cañamares, P. (2015): Linking early geospatial documents, one place at a time: annotation of geographic documents with Recogito. e-Perimetron. 10.2, 49-59. ISSN 1790-3769.
  • Simon, R., Isaksen, L., Barker, E., and de Soto Cañamares, P. (In Press). The Pleiades gazetteer and the Pelagios project. In M. L. Berman, R. Mostern H. Southall, eds. Placing Names: Enriching and Integrating Gazetteers, Indiana.

[edit] Acknowledgements

  • Pelagios phases 1 and 2 was funded by JISC in successive programmes: Geospatial and Community Outreach and Resource Discovery (2011-2012)
  • Pelagios phase 3: "Early Geospatial Documents" was funded by The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation (2013-2015)
  • Pelagios phase 4: "Studying the places of our past through the documents that refer to them" was funded by the AHRC (2014-2015)
  • Pelagios phase 5: "Sea Change" was supported with funding from Open Knowledge Foundation (2014-2015)
  • Pelagios phase 6: "Pelagios Commons" supported with funding from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation (2016-2017)
  • Pelagios phase 7: "Pelagios Association" currently supported supported with funding from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation (2018-2019)
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