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To cite all versions of LEMLAT 3.0, you can adapt the following:

Marco Passarotti, Paolo Ruffolo, Flavio M. Cecchini, Eleonora Litta, Marco Budassi (2018) LEMLAT 3.0. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1492133

DOIs for the individual releases of LEMLAT 3.0 are available under DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1492133


LemLat is a morphological analyser and lemmatiser for Latin.

Developed in the early 1990s by Andrea Bozzi, Giuseppe Cappelli and Nino Marinone to lemmatise the Grammatici Latini texts, it was improved in 2002-2004 with the addition of morphological traits within the European project CHLT ('Cultural Heritage Language Technologies') by Marco Passarotti, Paolo Ruffolo and Andrea Bozzi at the ILC-CNR in Pisa. The lexical basis of the first version of LEMLAT is the result of the collation of three Latin dictionaries (Georges and Georges, 1913-1918; Glare, 1982; Gradenwitz, 1904). It counted 40,014 lexical entries and 43,432 lemmas.

A further upgrade to the lexical base of LEMLAT, known as LEMLAT3, was developed by the CIRCSE Research Centre at the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore in Milan; LEMLAT3 includes 26,250 lemmas from Forcellini's Onomasticon (1940) and 82,556 from Du Cange's Glossarium Mediae et Infimae Latinitatis (1883-1887). A Marie Curie (MSCA Individual Fellowship) funded project, Word Formation Latin, is currently working on establishing word formation relations between the lexical entries of LEMLAT’s BASE (Georges and Georges, 1913-1918; Glare, 1982; Gradenwitz, 1904) lexicon.


  • Passarotti, M., Budassi, M., Litta, E., Ruffolo, P. (2017) 'The Lemlat 3.0 Package for Morphological Analysis of Latin', Proceedings of the NoDaLiDa 2017 Workshop on Processing Historical Language 133: 24-31. Linköping University Electronic Press. http://www.ep.liu.se/ecp/article.asp?issue=133&article=006&volume=
  • Budassi, M., Litta, E., Passarotti, M. (2017) '-io Nouns through the Ages. Analysing Latin Morphological Productivity with Lemlat', Proceedings of the Fourth Italian Conference on Computational Linguistics (CLiC-it 2017), pp. 65-70. https://books.openedition.org/aaccademia/2366
  • Budassi, M., Passarotti, M. (2016) 'Nomen Omen. Enhancing the Latin Morphological Analyser Lemlat with an Onomasticon', Proceedings of the 10th SIGHUM Workshop on Language Technology for Cultural Heritage, Social Sciences, and Humanities. ACL, pp. 90-94. http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W16-2110
  • Passarotti, M. (2007) 'LEMLAT. Uno strumento per la lemmatizzazione morfologica automatica del latino', Journal of Latin Linguistics 9(3): 107-128. https://doi.org/10.1515/joll.2007.9.3.107