Greek Keyboards (Unicode): Difference between revisions

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(reorganized; added Schmidhauser keyboard; Linux advice)
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=== How do I type Greek on my PC/Mac? ===
== How do I type Greek on my PC/Mac? ==


If you are employing a Unicode solution to encoding and displaying Greek on your computer (<span class="wikilink">[font.html as we recommend]</span>), then all you need to be able to type Greek in your word processor, email client, etc., is a keyboard driver that recognises polytonic Greek input.
If you are employing a [[Greek Fonts (Unicode)|Unicode]] solution to encoding and displaying Greek on your computer (as is strongly recommended), then all you need to be able to type Greek in your word processor, email client, etc., is a keyboard driver that recognises polytonic Greek input.


=== Keyboards ===
== Keyboards ==


The current versions of Windows (Windows XP Home, Windows XP Professional, Windows Vista) and Mac OS X (10.3 Panther, 10.4 Tiger) come with optional keyboard layouts called "polytonic Greek." These are mostly sufficient for typing ancient Greek, but do not always represent certain punctuation characters (e.g., on one keyboard, the Greek semi-colon is missing, and must be accessed using a character map utility). They also follow the layouts of modern Greek keyboards, which can be confusing for English-speaking touch typists.
The current versions of Windows (Windows XP Home, Windows XP Professional, Windows Vista) and Mac OS X (10.3+) come with optional keyboard layouts called "polytonic Greek." These are mostly sufficient for typing ancient Greek, but do not always represent certain punctuation characters (e.g., on one keyboard, the Greek semi-colon is missing, and must be accessed using a character map utility). They also follow the layouts of modern Greek keyboards, which can be confusing for English-speaking touch typists.


If you have purchased <span class="wikiexternallink">[http://ist-socrates.berkeley.edu/~pinax/greekkeys/ GreekKeys]</span>, <span class="wikiexternallink">[http://www.linguistsoftware.com/lgku.htm LaserGreek]</span>, <span class="wikiexternallink">[http://www.users.dircon.co.uk/~hancock/antioch.htm Antioch]</span> or another major font package, these will probably come with an included keyboard utility. If not, or if you prefer a different input method, the following options may be of use.
If you have purchased [http://ist-socrates.berkeley.edu/~pinax/greekkeys/ GreekKeys], [http://www.linguistsoftware.com/lgku.htm LaserGreek], [http://www.users.dircon.co.uk/~hancock/antioch.htm Antioch] or another major font package, these will probably come with an included keyboard utility. If not, or if you prefer a different input method, the following options may be of use.


=== Tavultesoft Keyboard Manager (Win) ===
=== Tavultesoft Keyboard Manager (Win) ===


<span class="wikiexternallink">http://www.tavultesoft.com/keyman/</span>
http://www.tavultesoft.com/keyman/


A professional tool for the creation of keyboard input layouts for Windows. Also includes links to several pre-written Greek keyboards:
A professional tool for the creation of keyboard input layouts for Windows. Also includes links to several pre-written Greek keyboards:


* <span class="wikiexternallink">[http://www.tavultesoft.com/keyman/downloads/keyboards/details.php?KeyboardID=229 Classical Greek]</span>
* [http://www.tavultesoft.com/keyman/downloads/keyboards/details.php?KeyboardID=229 Classical Greek]
* <span class="wikiexternallink">[http://www.tavultesoft.com/keyman/downloads/keyboards/details.php?KeyboardID=295 Greek Polytonic]</span>
* [http://www.tavultesoft.com/keyman/downloads/keyboards/details.php?KeyboardID=295 Greek Polytonic]
* <span class="wikiexternallink">[http://www.tavultesoft.com/keyman/downloads/keyboards/details.php?KeyboardID=240 Greek Polytonic Unicode]</span>
* [http://www.tavultesoft.com/keyman/downloads/keyboards/details.php?KeyboardID=240 Greek Polytonic Unicode]


A Tavultesoft keyboard also exists in a zipped package from:
A Tavultesoft keyboard also exists in a zipped package from:


* [http://members.aol.com/AtticGreek/ Classical Greek Unicode]: http://members.aol.com/AtticGreek/GreekClassical.zip
* [http://members.aol.com/AtticGreek/ Classical Greek Unicode]: http://members.aol.com/AtticGreek/GreekClassical.zip
=== Ukulele (Mac OSX) ===
=== Ukulele (Mac OSX) ===


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A Greek keyboard input layout that uses pure Beta Code to type Unicode Greek. It is slightly unintuitive to have to type *a for a capital alpha, for example, but otherwise a good keyboard with excellent coverage of obscure symbols and beta escapes.
A Greek keyboard input layout that uses pure Beta Code to type Unicode Greek. It is slightly unintuitive to have to type *a for a capital alpha, for example, but otherwise a good keyboard with excellent coverage of obscure symbols and beta escapes.


=== Converting your old files to Unicode? ===
=== Graece keyboard ===
 
http://schmidhauser.us/tools/keyboards/
 
Andreas Schmidhauser has created new keyboard layouts for Greek (and Latin) for Windows. The keyboard layout and diacritic shortcuts are not as intuitive as the Classical Greek Unicode keyboard recommended above, but includes many more characters and sigla that may be of interest to classicists.
 
=== Linux/Unix Greek keyboards ===
 
Some advice on selecting and installing Greek input tools for Linux are available from the Dimitri Marinakis at http://tlgu.carmen.gr/Hellenic_polytonic_HOWTO.html
 
== Converting your old files to Unicode? ==


There are several tools out there which will help to convert old Greek fonts to Unicode: see the [[:Category:Tools|Font Converters]] section of the [[:Category:Tools]] page.
There are several tools out there which will help to convert old Greek fonts to Unicode: see the [[:Category:Tools|Font Converters]] section of the [[:Category:Tools]] page.

Revision as of 22:09, 19 July 2008

How do I type Greek on my PC/Mac?

If you are employing a Unicode solution to encoding and displaying Greek on your computer (as is strongly recommended), then all you need to be able to type Greek in your word processor, email client, etc., is a keyboard driver that recognises polytonic Greek input.

Keyboards

The current versions of Windows (Windows XP Home, Windows XP Professional, Windows Vista) and Mac OS X (10.3+) come with optional keyboard layouts called "polytonic Greek." These are mostly sufficient for typing ancient Greek, but do not always represent certain punctuation characters (e.g., on one keyboard, the Greek semi-colon is missing, and must be accessed using a character map utility). They also follow the layouts of modern Greek keyboards, which can be confusing for English-speaking touch typists.

If you have purchased GreekKeys, LaserGreek, Antioch or another major font package, these will probably come with an included keyboard utility. If not, or if you prefer a different input method, the following options may be of use.

Tavultesoft Keyboard Manager (Win)

http://www.tavultesoft.com/keyman/

A professional tool for the creation of keyboard input layouts for Windows. Also includes links to several pre-written Greek keyboards:

A Tavultesoft keyboard also exists in a zipped package from:

Ukulele (Mac OSX)

http://scripts.sil.org/cms/scripts/page.php?site_id=nrsi&item_id=ukelele

A visual tool for creating new keyboard layouts for Macintosh OSX. Very easy to use--no doubt there are Greek keyboards out there that have been created with this tool?

SophoKeys (Mac OSX)

http://www.sourcecod.com/sophokeys/

A Greek keyboard input layout that uses pure Beta Code to type Unicode Greek. It is slightly unintuitive to have to type *a for a capital alpha, for example, but otherwise a good keyboard with excellent coverage of obscure symbols and beta escapes.

Graece keyboard

http://schmidhauser.us/tools/keyboards/

Andreas Schmidhauser has created new keyboard layouts for Greek (and Latin) for Windows. The keyboard layout and diacritic shortcuts are not as intuitive as the Classical Greek Unicode keyboard recommended above, but includes many more characters and sigla that may be of interest to classicists.

Linux/Unix Greek keyboards

Some advice on selecting and installing Greek input tools for Linux are available from the Dimitri Marinakis at http://tlgu.carmen.gr/Hellenic_polytonic_HOWTO.html

Converting your old files to Unicode?

There are several tools out there which will help to convert old Greek fonts to Unicode: see the Font Converters section of the Category:Tools page.