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  • Bret Mulligan (bmulliga at


The Bridge is a suite of apps developed at Haverford College that supports the reading of Greek and Latin texts by providing vocabulary support and analysis to readers and instructors.


Lists enables students and instructors to generate customized vocabulary lists from its database of Greek and Latin textbooks and texts. A list might include all the vocabulary from a core list, an ancient text, or a textbook. But users can focus on a selection of a list or work and also customize their lists to take into account textbooks that they have used, core lists they have mastered, and texts they have already read. They can also create lists of words that appear in their text and other texts that have read or might read. These lists can then be sorted, searched, and filtered to focus on one or more parts of speech, among other options, and then printed or downloaded in a variety of formats. Launched 2014; current version launched 2020.


Lemmatizer creates a lemmatization spreadsheet for a Latin or Greek text. You can choose to either upload a text file, or just input text yourself. We will lemmatize all the words that have only one possible lemma, and will return a csv that is almost ready to import. All you have to do is identify the lemmata for the remaining words (usually around 40% of an an average text) and then you will have a text ready to analyze — or import into the Bridge! Launched 2019; current version launched 2020.


Oracle will allow you to discover readable texts in The Bridge Corpus by revealing the authors, texts, and passages that have the highest percentage of familiar vocabulary. Select the textbooks you’ve used, lists you’ve mastered, and texts that you’ve read. Then let Bridge/Oracle reveal your next text(s). Launched 2020.


Stats produces a set of readability statistics for your text (word count, average word length, average sentence length, composite readability score.

Currently in development; anticipated launch 2020.